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Inheriting the trade of ruined Tyre and becoming the center of the new commerce between Europe and the Arabian and Indian East, the city grew in less than a generation to be larger than Carthage.
In a century, Alexandria had become the largest city in the world and, for some centuries more, was second only to Rome.
Dihya approached the Banu Dubayb (a tribe which converted to Islam and had good relations with Muslims) for help.
The city and its museum attracted many of the greatest scholars, including Greeks, Jews and Syrians.
After the Battle of Ridaniya in 1517, the city was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and remained under Ottoman rule until 1798.
Alexandria lost much of its former importance to the Egyptian port city of Rosetta during the 9th to 18th centuries, and only regained its former prominence with the construction of the Mahmoudiyah Canal in 1807.
In the modern world, the Coptic Orthodox Church and the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria both lay claim to this ancient heritage.
Just east of Alexandria (where Abu Qir Bay is now), there was in ancient times marshland and several islands.
On 21 July 365, Alexandria was devastated by a tsunami (365 Crete earthquake), The Islamic prophet, Muhammad's first interaction with the people of Egypt occurred in 628, during the Expedition of Zaid ibn Haritha (Hisma).